The Pearl River Delta consists of an urban agglomeration of cities that have been built along the Pearl river estuary, as it follows its course towards the South China sea. The delta occupies an area of almost 70,000 square miles and has a total combined population of almost 100 million. The Pearl River Delta has a humid sub-tropical climate, with average annual temperatures of 23C. The area experiences heavy rainfall during the monsoon months (between April and September).

Guangzhou is Guangdong's province capital and one of the largest metropolis in southern China. The city has a population of aproximately 13 million and is located in the northern part of the Pearl River Delta.

Shenzhen is located just a few miles north of Hong Kong, a fact that has undoubtedly helped turn the city into one of Asia's fastest-growing cities. As of 2012, Shenzhen was the world's fifth most densely populated city, with over 15 million living in an area of barely 780 square miles. Shenzhen's natural port has been converted into the world's fourth busiest water-borne trading hub.

The city of Zhuhai is across Hong Kong in the Pearl River estuary, and shares a border with Macau. The city's population has a rather modest size, with just under 2 million inhabitants. Zhuhai is very close to the Jiuzhou islands, which are an important tourist attraction in southern China.

Dongguan is approximately half way between Guangzhou and Shenzhen. The city was built on the area where the East and the Pearl rivers meet, and is physically separated from Shenzhen by several hills. Dongguan's population is in the region of 8.5 million, spread across several self-contained towns. Unlike other cities in the Pearl River Delta, Dongguan has a relatively large amount of green and undeveloped areas, although that situation is rapidly changing.

Zhongshan is across Shenzhen and immediately north of the hills that surround Zhuhai and Macau. The city's population is over 3 million.

Huizhou's population its approximately 5 million, and the city is sandwiched between Guangzhou to the west, and Dongguan and Shenzhen, which are both southwest of Huizhou. The city is a few miles to the southeast of Daya Bay, a popular tourist attraction due to its hot springs and its natural beauty.

Jiangmen grew as a city mostly thanks to its port, which has had trade ties with western countries since the beginning of the 20th century. The city is in the south of Guangdong province, and the West River flows past the city centre.

Foshan is a large metropolis of more than 7 million inhabitants. Because of its proximity to Guangzhou, Foshan is sometimes considered part of the provincial capital's urban conurbation.

Fuzhou is in the Fujian province, and is bordered by both the Pearl and the Yangtze rivers. The city sits on the Huangqi peninsula facing Taiwan and has a population of 4 million people, a large number of which are overseas Chinese.

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